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JACK PINE     Pinus Banksiana

The Jack Pine is native in Canada's Boreal Forest. Although seldom used in the landscape, it is a good choice if diversity is a consideration. All pines grow naturally in light sandy soil but many like the Jack Pine will adapt to almost any site providing that it is not too wet.

Size: 20m (60ft)

Form: Large growing evergreen that usually has a twisted informal shape. Tends to become more open with age.

Foliage: Dull green needles are born in bundles of two. Needle length is 3 to 4 cm (1 to 1.5 in.)

Bark: Dark grey brown and scaly.

Seed Cones: 2.5 to 5 cm (1 to 2 in) cones are held on the tree for many years turning dull grey with age. The cones are securely attached and point away from the trunk. Typically, they require the heat of a forest fire to open and shed their seeds.

The Jack Pine has few cultural requirements. The one in the photo has undoubtedly enjoyed the benefit of being adjacent to the vegetable garden. It is rare to find such a well formed Jack Pine in the urban forest.

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